In the U.S. we often get blindsided into thinking of only three major forms of travel: the car, the airplane, and the ….. OK, make that two forms, unless you live in a big city and then there are others of which you are aware and may even use. Let’s go from the most local forms to the intercontinental options. This post is the first of a series about specific alternate transportation modes.
To many people these are the nuisance users of the road that wear spandex and glaringly colorful riding apparel, and get in the way of the automobiles. The majority of riders in the states tend to be recreational riders and hence the colorful or more relaxed exercise apparel. Anyone who has had experienced a weekend bike-club pack tends to have a negative view of bike riders. This makes it dangerous for the individual riders who follow the rules of the road but end up experiencing the irritated driver not giving them the courtesy of space they need to ride safely on a road. Many bike routes tend to have wider bike lanes on the road, and state law requires drivers to give at least 3 feet distance when passing a bike. On many rural roads, the white line delineating the edge of the road, often also marks the berm edge, so bikes are forced to ride out into the right side of the lane. Bike friendly towns and cities make it a point to create wide bike lanes as they repair and widen roads.
Go to northern Europe and you quickly realize that people use bikes as a primary mode of transport for distances under ten miles and it is a part of the culture of transportation. Go to a city like Amsterdam (typical of many European cities) and you are more likely to be run down by a bike if you do not recognize the strict lane separations that exist within the city. On many city streets, there is the road for automobiles, dedicated bike lanes, often with their own regulatory enforcement signs, and then the side-walks for foot traffic. In most of these cities there are major parking areas for bikes all around the city, while cars use parking structures off the main centers. Bike riders tend to get preferential options because it is recognized that they reduce auto traffic congestion and reduce pollution. It is estimated that in a country like Holland there are more bikes than people. In northern Amsterdam, I saw people ride bikes on safe bike lanes from suburbs outside the city to multi-tiered bike parking barges by the waterways. People then locked them up for the day as they walked across the road to get on the electric tram system – they were all wearing their office clothes. Ten thousand bikes on a multi-tiered bike parking structure took up the space of a large barge. That many cars would take up many multi story parking garages. I saw as many people of advanced retirement age riding bikes as I did young people. It is part of the culture. So, what are the pros and cons of using bikes?
The advantages are that bikes are incredibly affordable and durable, and very cheap to maintain and store. They do not require much in the way of natural resources to make and they produce no pollution thereby making them very energy efficient – just your food calories to make them work, also giving you much exercise keeping you fit and healthy. A pro and con is that they are very quiet, which make a warning bell for pedestrians a mandated extra. Bikes do not need much parking space, and are very maneuverable in traffic.
The disadvantages of bikes are that they do not fare well in collisions, especially with automotive traffic, enforcing the need for dedicated bike lanes in busy traffic areas. Watching video of delivery riders in New York City scares me in how they move along and through city traffic. In northern Europe, the bikes are mostly kept away from the auto traffic making accidents rarer. Riding in bad weather sucks, so dedicated bike users need to have plan B for bad weather days unless they have the fortitude to brave the elements. Bike trips as a primary form of urban/suburban transport are not practical above ten miles, except with an electric powered bike where a 25 mile distance is reasonable – providing electric charging facilities exist at the destination or parking area.
Electric bikes are now more available than ever with several companies having their own designs. There are military versions that are more powerful in that they go faster and further then civilian models. For now, military versions are not easy to buy and less easy to insure for private citizens primarily because of road safety issues – an electric bicycle running at 35 mph on a regular road is like a very skinny low powered motorbike with all the visibility problems that motorbikes face from unaware car drivers with their blind spots around the car. So, for now, the 20-mph limit for electric bicycles is for safety, but remember the electric power is for assistance with pedaling, not a substitution of pedaling. That kind of unaided power takes you into another category of transport – see next post.